"Leaning against the wind" (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of higher unemployment and lower inflation, importantly including a higher cost of a crisis when the economy is weaker. For existing empirical estimates, costs exceed benefits by a substantial margin, even if monetary policy is nonneutral and permanently affects real debt. Somewhat surprisingly, less effective macroprudential policy and generally a credit boom, with resulting higher probability, severity, or duration of a crisis, increases costs of LAW more than benefits, thus further strengthening the strong case against LAW.
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|Size: ||2.5 MB|
|Publisher: ||INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND|
|Date published: || 2016|
|ISBN: ||9781498336284 (DRM-EPUB)|
|Read Aloud: ||not allowed|