Global Reach presents a unique view of the fiscal constraints facing the Department of Defense and the U.S. Government. It calls for U.S. policymakers and the general public to understand the message within the book. With this understanding, the United States will ensure its future ability to acquire and maintain the sealift capability to respond to these challenges in the years to come.
The twenty years following the Persian Gulf Conflict (1990-91) saw a revolution in the means by which the United States military deploys and sustains U.S. armed forces worldwide during contingencies. Historically, 95 percent of the equipment and supplies our military needs to fight and win in combat are delivered by ship. That remains true today. What has changed is how those cargoes are delivered in theater. For almost as long as nations sought to deploy military forces by sea, they relied on commercial Ships Taken Up From Trade” to meet those needs.
This changed for the United States with the global conflicts of the twentieth-century. With millions of troops deployed oversea and the need to simultaneously supply allied nations with tools of war and food and supplies for their civil economies, the need for sealift exceeded what the commercial fleet could supply. For the First and Second World Wars, America??s mobilization including the construction of thousands of government-owned merchant type ships for sealift. This Government-owned fleet model remained the general practice after 1945 as U.S. forces during both the Korean and Vietnam conflicts were in large part deployed and supplied by the same ships as had supported the Allied victories in Europe and the Pacific.
The Persian Gulf Conflict signaled a need for change. Not only had the nature of the conflicts changed, but so too had the commercial maritime industry in the United States and worldwide. Working in close cooperation with its commercial industry partners, including carriers and maritime labor, the U.S. military over the next decade revolutionized the use of commercial vessels and intermodal systems for military sealift. By 2002, the then Commander of the U.S. Transportation Command, General John W. Handy, USAF, in testimony before the U.S. Congress stated that [w]e simply cannot, as a nation, fight the fight without the partnership of the commercial maritime industry.” By 2009-10, not only was 95 percent of all equipment and supplies required by U.S. forces in Iraq and Afghanistan still being delivered by ship, but over 90 percent of those cargoes were being transported by United States-flag commercial vessels and U.S. citizen crews in regular commercial liner services.
This is the story of that revolution in military sealift.
To view this DRM protected ebook on your desktop or laptop you will need to have Adobe Digital Editions installed. It is a free software. We also strongly recommend that you sign up for an AdobeID at the Adobe website. For more details please see FAQ 1&2. To view this ebook on an iPhone, iPad or Android mobile device you will need the Adobe Digital Editions app, or BlueFire Reader or Txtr app. These are free, too. For more details see this article.
|Size: ||161.8 MB|
|Publisher: ||Naval Institute Press|
|Date published: || 2015|
|ISBN: ||9781612518565 (DRM-EPUB)|
|Read Aloud: ||not allowed|
|This ebook will only be sold to customers with a billing address in:|
|Alan Island, American Samoa, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Colombia, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Faroe Islands, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guam, Guatemala, Guernsey, Guyana, Haiti, Heard and Mc Donald Islands, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jersey, Korea (Republic of), Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Martinique, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montserrat, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Pitcairn, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin (French Part), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Spain, St. Helena, St. Pierre and Miquelon, Suriname, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands, Sweden, Switzerland, Tokelau, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United Kingdom, United States, United States Minor Outlying Islands, Uruguay, Vatican City State (Holy See), Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)|