For almost four centuries, the indigenous ChiripÃ¡ (GuaranÃ) people of eastern Paraguay have maintained themselves as a distinct society and culture, despite continual and often intense relations with Paraguayan society and the international economy. In this study, Richard K. Reed explores the economic and social basis for this ethnic autonomy.
Reed finds that ChiripÃ¡ economic power derives from their practice of commercial agroforestry. Unlike Latin American indigenous societies that have been forced to clear land for commercial agriculture, the ChiripÃ¡ continue to harvest and sell forest products, such as caffeinated yerba mate, without destroying the forests. Reed also explores the relation of this complex economy to ChiripÃ¡ social organization and shows how flexible kin ties allowed the ChiripÃ¡ to adapt to the pressure and opportunities of the commercial economy without adopting the authoritarian nature of rural Paraguayan society.
These findings offer important insights into the relations among indigenous groups, nation-states, and the international economy. They also provide a timely alternative model for sustainable management of subtropical forests that will be of interest in the fields of development and environmental st
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|Size: ||4.6 MB|
|Publisher: ||University of Texas Press|
|Date published: || 2014|
|ISBN: ||9780292761742 (DRM-EPUB)|
|Read Aloud: ||not allowed|