(30th May 1889 - 30th December 1976)
Born in Muddy Creek Forks, York County, Pennsylvania. Stage name of Paul Fleming Gemmill. Inspired in 1901 seeing Kellar, Rouclere, Keene, etc, shows. Pro since 1906. Assistant to Eugene Laurant (1909-10) and Karl Germain (1910-14, as "James"). On own as a Chautauqua star since 1915, beginning that summer when he toured as "Karl Germain". Thence semi-pro (and Professor of Economics at Swarthmore), retiring in 1967. Publisher of magic books.