(New York City: November 25th, 1859 - ?)
Reformed gambler. Born to German parents. Schooled until 13 years of age in the US. Then sent to Stuttgart, Germany, to learn architecture. Returned at 17 years old but changed his profession to become a commercial traveler and business owner. In 1884 he became a gambler and worked primarily in Europe. In 1893 he reformed and gave up gambling.