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Modern Magic

by Professor Hoffmann
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Modern Magic by Professor Hoffmann

Every generation a magician comes along, whose intention is to record magic in an encyclopedic fashion. Professor Hoffmann was the first in recorded history to attempt such a feat with his trilogy Modern Magic, More Magic, and Later Magic. Certainly many magic books have been published before him, mostly copying from each other. But none reaches the depth and breadth of Prof. Hoffmann's work. The material in these three books records the state of the art of magic in the late 19th century. Today we know more tricks and we have also refined our techniques and methods. But it is astounding how much was already known at that time. Reading carefully you will discover several clever methods which have been forgotten or have fallen out of fashion with today's popular magicians. If you really want to fool your magic friends the next time, read this book and perform one of its many not so well known secrets.

This book was rated one of the ten basic books for a working library of conjuring by H. Adrian Smith, historian, collector and owner of the largest private magic library in his time. Other books in this top 10 list are

1st edition, 1876, Routledge; 1st US edition, 1882, Routledge; reprinted many times by various publishers; 563 pages.

  • CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION.
    1. Introductory Observations
    2. The Magic Wand
    3. The Magician's Table
    4. The Magician's Dress
    5. Profondes
    6. Pochettes
    7. "Loading" Pockets
  • CHAPTER II. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF SLEIGHT-OF-HAND APPLICABLE TO CARD TRICKS.
    1. The Cards
    2. To "Make the Pass"
    3. To "Force" a Card
    4. To Make a "False Shuffle"
    5. To "Palm" a Card
    6. To "Ruffle" the Cards
    7. To "Change" a Card
    8. To Get Sight of a Drawn Card
    9. To "Slip" a Card
    10. To "Draw Back" a Card
    11. To "Turn Over" the Pack
    12. To Spring the Cards from one Hand to the Other
    13. To Throw a Card
    14. The "Bridge"
  • CHAPTER III. CARD TRICKS WITH ORDINARY CARDS, AND NOT REQUIRING SLEIGHT-OF-HAND.
    1. Simple Modes of Discovering a Given Card
    2. Various Modes of Disclosing a Discovered Card
    3. To Make a Card Vanish from the Pack, and be found in a Person's Pocket
    4. To place the Four Kings in different parts of the Pack, and to bring them together by a simple Cut
    5. The Four Kings being placed under the Hand of one Person, and the Four Sevens under the Hand of Another, to make them Change Places at Command
    6. Four Packets of Cards having been formed face downwards on the Table, to discover the Total Value of the Undermost Cards
    7. To Name all the Cards of the Pack in Succession
    8. The Cards being Cut, to tell whether the Number Cut is Odd or Even
    9. The Whist Trick. To deal yourself all the Trumps (see also page 119)
    10. To allow a Person to think of a Card, and to make that Card appear at such Number in the Pack as another Person shall Name
    11. The Cards revealed by the Looking-glass
    12. To Guess Four Cards thought of by Different Persons
    13. The Pairs Re-paired
    14. The Magic Triplets
    15. Another Mode of Discovering a Card thought of
    16. To Guess, by the aid of a Passage of Poetry or Prose, such one of Sixteen Cards as, in your Absence, has been Touched or Selected by the Company
    17. To Detect, without Confederacy, which of Four Cards has been Turned Round in your Absence
    18. To Arrange Twelve Cards in Rows in such a manner that they will Count Four in every Direction
    19. To Place the Aces and Court Cards in Four Rows, in such a manner that neither Horizontally nor Perpendicularly shall there be in either Row two Cards alike, either in Suit or Value
    20. The Congress of Court Cards
  • CHAPTER IV. TRICKS INVOLVING SLEIGHT-OF-HAND, OR THE USE OF SPECIALLY PREPARED CARDS.
    1. The "Long Card"
    2. Biseaute or Tapering Cards
      Tricks Performed by the Aid of a Long Card, or biseaute Pack:
    3. A Card having been Chosen and Returned, and the Pack Shuffled, to produce the Chosen Card instantly in various ways
    4. To Cut at the Chosen Card
    5. To Let all the Cards fall, save the One Chosen
    6. To Pick out the Card, the Pack being placed in a Person's Pocket
    7. To Fling the Pack in the Air, and Catch the Chosen Card
    8. To Change a Card drawn hap-hazard to the Chosen Card
    9. To Divide the Pack into several Packets on the Table, allowing the Company to stop you at any Moment, and to cause the Top Card of the Heap last made to Change into the Chosen Card
    10. To Teach the Company a Trick which they Learn without Difficulty; then to allow them to Succeed or cause them to Fail at your Pleasure
    11. To Distinguish the Court Cards by Touch
    12. To Name any Number of Cards in Succession without Seeing Them
    13. To Make Four Cards change from Eights to Twos, from Black to Red, etc.
    14. A Card having been Drawn and Returned, and the Pack Shuffled, to make it Appear at such Number as the Company choose
    15. The same Trick with several Cards, and by a Different Method
    16. The "Three Card" Trick
    17. To Nail a Chosen Card to the Wall
    18. The Inseparable Sevens
    19. The Inseparable Aces
    20. Having placed the Four Aces in different positions in the Pack, to make the two Black change places with the two Red ones, and finally to bring all Four together in the Middle of the Pack
    21. A Card having been thought of, to make such Card Vanish from the Pack, and be Discovered wherever the Performer pleases
    22. To cause a Number of Cards to Multiply invisibly in a Person's keeping
    23. The Pack being divided into two Portions, placed in the keeping of two different Persons, to make Three Cards pass invisibly from the One to the Other
    24. To allow several Persons each to draw a Card, and the Pack having been Shuffled, to make another Card drawn haphazard change successively into each of those first chosen
    25. To make Four Aces change to Four Kings, and Four Kings to Four Aces
    26. Having made Four Packets of Cards with an Ace at the bottom of each, to bring all Four Aces into whichever Packet the Company may choose
    27. To Change the Four Aces, held tightly by a Person, into Four Indifferent Cards
    28. The Shower of Aces
    29. Several Persons having each drawn Two Cards, which have been Returned and Shuffled, to make each Couple appear in Succession, one at the top and the other at the bottom of the Pack
    30. To make Two Cards, each firmly held by a different Person, change places
    31. To change Four Cards, drawn haphazard, and placed on the Table, into Cards of the same Value as a Single Card subsequently chosen by one of the Spectators
    32. Two Heaps of Cards, unequal in Number, being placed upon the Table, to predict beforehand which of the two the Company will choose
    33. A Row of Cards being placed Face Downwards on the Table, to indicate, by turning up one of them, how many of such Cards have during your absence been transferred from one end of the Row to the other
    34. Several Cards having been freely chosen by the Company, Returned and Shuffled, and the Pack placed in a Person's Pocket, to make such Person draw out one by one the chosen Cards
    35. The Cards having been freely Shuffled, and cut into three or four Heaps, to name the top Card of each Heap
    36. To allow a Person secretly to think of a Card, and, dividing the Pack into three Heaps, to cause the Card thought of to appear in whichever Heap the Company may choose
    37. To allow a Person secretly to think of a Card, and, even before such Card is named, to select it from the Pack, and place it singly upon the Table
    38. A Card having been secretly thought of by one of the Audience, to place two Indifferent Cards upon the Table, and to change such one of them as the Audience may select into the Card thought of
    39. A Card having been Drawn and Returned, and the Pack shuffled, to divide the Pack into several Heaps on the Table, and to cause the Drawn Card to appear in such Heap as the Company may choose
    40. To change a Drawn Card into the Portraits of several of the Company in succession
    41. A Card having been Drawn and Returned, and the Pack shuffled, to place on the Table six Rows of six Cards each, and to discover the chosen Card by a throw of the Dice
    42. A Card having been withdrawn and replaced, to call it from the Pack, and to make it come to you of its own accord
    43. Mode of Preparing specially adhesive Wax for Conjuring Purposes
    44. The Whist Trick. (Improved Method.) To deal yourself all the Trumps, the three other Players holding the usual mixed Hands
  • CHAPTER V. CARD TRICKS REQUIRING SPECIAL APPARATUS.
    1. The Magic Sword. A Card being drawn and replaced, and the Pack flung in the Air, to catch the chosen Card on the point of the Sword
    2. The Rising Cards. Several Cards having been drawn, returned, and shuffled, to make them rise spontaneously from the Pack
    3. The Jumping Cards. Two or three Cards having been drawn, returned, and shuffled, to make them jump out of the Pack
    4. To make a Card stand upright by itself on the Table
    5. "Changing" Card-boxes, and Tricks performed with them
    6. The Mechanical Card-box
    7. The "Card and Bird Box"
    8. The Card Tripod
    9. The "Torn Card"
    10. Mechanical Changing Cards
  • CHAPTER VI. PRINCIPLES OF sLEIGHT-OF-HAND MORE ESPECIALLY APPLICABLE TO COIN TRICKS.
    1. Palming
    2. Passes
    3. Changes
  • CHAPTER VII. TRICKS WITH COIN WITHOUT APPARATUS.
    1. A Quarter being spun upon the Table, to tell blindfold whether it falls head or tail upwards
    2. Odd or Even, or the Mysterious Addition
    3. To change a Quarter into a Penny, back again, and then to pass the same invisibly into the Pocket of the Owner
    4. To make a marked Quarter and Penny, wrapped in separate Handkerchiefs, change places at Command
    5. To make two marked Coins, wrapped in separate Handkerchiefs, come together in one of them
    6. To pull Four Quarters or Half-crowns through a Handkerchief
    7. To pass a marked Quarter (or Half-crown) into the Centre of two Oranges in succession
    8. The Flying Money. To make a Coin pass invisibly from the one Hand to the other, and finally through the Table
    9. To rub One Sixpence into Three
    10. The Multiplication of Money
    11. To Make a Marked Sixpence vanish from a Handkerchief, and be found in the Centre of an Apple or Orange previously examined
    12. The Travelling Counters
    13. The Wandering Sixpence
  • CHAPTER VIII. TRICKS WITH COIN REQUIRING SPECIAL APPARATUS.
    1. The Heads and Tails Trick
    2. The Magic Cover and Vanishing Halfpence
    3. The Animated Coin, which answers Questions, etc.
      Appliances for Vanishing Money
    4. The Vanishing Halfpenny Box
    5. The Rattle Box
    6. The Pepper-box
    7. The Brass Money-box
    8. The Brass Box, known as the "Plug-box"
    9. The Handkerchief for Vanishing Money
    10. The Demon Handkerchief
    11. The Davenport Cabinet
      Appliances for Re-producing Vanished Money
    12. The Nest of Boxes
    13. The Ball of Berlin Wool
    14. The Glass Goblet and Cover
    15. The Glass without Cover
    16. The Miraculous Casket
    17. The Half-Crown or Quarter Wand
    18. The Shower of Money
    19. The Vanishing Plate, or Salver
    20. The "Changing" Plate
    21. The Tray of Proteus
  • CHAPTER IX. TRICKS WITH WATCHES.
    1. To indicate on the Dial of a Watch the Hour secretly thought of by any of the Company
    2. To Bend a Borrowed Watch Backwards and Forwards
    3. The Watch-mortar and the Magic Pistol
    4. The "Snuff-box Vase"
    5. The "Watch Box"
    6. The "Watch Target"
    7. The Mesmerised Watch. (To Make any Watch a Repeater)
  • CHAPTER X. TRICKS WITH RINGS.
    1. The Flying Ring
    2. To Pass a Ring from the one Hand to either Finger of the other Hand
    3. To Pass a Ring through a Pocket-handkerchief
    4. To Pass a Ring through the Table
    5. To Pass a Ring invisibly upon the Middle of a Wooden Wand, the Ends being held by two of the Spectators
    6. The Magic Ball and Rings
    7. To Pass a Borrowed Ring into an Egg
    8. The Magic Rose
  • CHAPTER XI. TRICKS WITH HANDKERCHIEFS.
    1. Introductory Remarks
    2. The Handkerchief that cannot be Tied in a Knot
    3. The Handkerchief that will not Burn
    4. The Vanishing Knots
    5. To Exchange a borrowed Handkerchief for a Substitute
    6. The Locked and Corded Box, and the Washerwoman's Bottle
    7. The Reversibel Canister
    8. The Burning Globe
    9. The Transformed Handkerchief
    10. The Handkerchief cut up, burnt, and finally found in a Candle
    11. The Shower of Sweets
    12. The Feathers from an Empty Handkerchief
    13. The Flying Plume
    14. The Magic Laundry
    15. The Egg and the Handkerchief
    16. The "Hand-Box," for Vanishing a Handkerchief
  • CHAPTER XII. TRICKS WITH DOMINOES AND DICE.
    1. To Arrange a Row of Dominoes face downwards on the Table, and on returning to the Room to turn up a Domino whose points shall indicate how many have been moved in your absence
    2. To Allow any Person in your absence to arrange the Dominoes in a Row, face downwards, and on your return to name blindfold, or without entering the Room, the end numbers of the Row
    3. To Change, invisibly, the Numbers shown on either Face of a Pair of Dice
    4. To Name, without seeing them, the Points of a Pair of Dice
  • CHAPTER XIII. THE CUPS AND BALLS.
    1. Introductory Remarks
      Principles of Sleight-of-hand applicable to Ball Tricks
    2. To Palm the Ball
    3. To Reproduce the Palmed Ball at the End of the Fingers
    4. To Secretly Introduce the Palmed Ball under the Cup
    5. To Simulate the Action of Placing a Ball under a Cup
    6. To Produce a Ball from the Wand
    7. To Return a Ball into the Wand
    8. To Pass one Cup through Another
    9. Burlesque Address to the Spectators
    10. Pass I. Having Placed a Ball under each Cup, to draw it out again without Lifting the Cup
    11. Pass II. To make a Ball Travel invisibly from Cup to Cup
    12. Pass III. Having placed a Ball under each of the end Cups, to make them pass seccessively under the Middle Cup
    13. Pass IV. Having placed two Balls under the Middle Cup, to make them pass under the two Outer Ones
    14. Pass V. To pass three Balls in succession under One Cup
    15. Pass VI. To place three Balls one after the other upon the top of one of the Cups, and to make them fall through the Cup on to the Table
    16. Pass VII. To pass three Balls in succession upwards through the Table into one of the Cups
    17. Pass VIII. To pass two Balls in succession from one Cup to another without touching them
    18. Pass IX. To make three Balls in succession pass under the Middel Cup
    19. Pass X. The "Multiplication" Pass
    20. Pass XI. To Transform the Small Balls to Larger Ones
    21. Pass XII. To again Transform the Balls to still Larger Ones
  • CHAPTER XIV. BALL TRICKS REQUIRING SPECIAL APPARATUS.

      Further principles of Sleight-of-hand applicable to Ball Tricks
    1. To Palm a large Ball
    2. To Vanish a Large Ball with the aid of the Table
    3. The Ball Box
    4. The Red-and-Black-Ball Vases
    5. Morison's Pill-box
    6. The Ball which changes to a Rose
    7. The Obedient Ball
  • CHAPTER XV. HAT TRICKS.
    1. The Cannon-balls in the Hat
    2. Multiplying Balls
    3. The "Hundred Goblets" from a Hat
    4. A Dozen Babies from a Hat
    5. The Magic Reticules
    6. The Drums from the Hat
    7. The Birdcages from the Hat
    8. The Cake (or Pudding) in the Hat
    9. The Welsh Rabbit
  • CHAPTER XVI. MISCELLANEOUS TRICKS.
    1. The Cut String Restored
    2. My Grandmother's Necklace
    3. The "Bonus Genius," or Vanishing Doll
    4. The Dancing Sailor
    5. The Bottle Imps
    6. The Vanishing Gloves
    7. The Egg Bag
    8. To Produce Eggs from a Person's Mouth
    9. The Pillars of Solomon, and the Magic Bradawi
    10. The Magic Coffers
    11. The Bran and Orange Trick
    12. The Rice and Orange Trick
    13. The Magic Whistle
    14. The Magic Mill
      Pieces of Apparatus of General Utility
    15. The Drawer-Box
    16. The Dissecting Drawer-Box
    17. The Changing Card-Drawer
    18. Changing Caddies
    19. The Magic Vase and Caddy
    20. The Cover, to pick up and replace any Article
    21. The Changing Cover
    22. The Changing Ladle
    23. The Cone, or Skittle
    24. The Cone and Bouquet
    25. The Flying Glass of Water
    26. The Bowls of Water and Bowls of Fire produced from a Shawl
    27. The Bowl of Ink changed to clear Water, with Gold Fish swimming in it
    28. The Inexhaustible Bottle
    29. The Bottle and Ribbons
    30. The New Pyramids of Egypt, or Wine and Water Trick
    31. The Mysterious Funnel
    32. The Box of Bran transformed to a Bottle of Wine
    33. The Bran Bottle
    34. The Bran Glass
    35. To Fire Borrowed Rings from a Pistol, and make them Pass into a Goblet Filled with Bran and covered with a Handkerchief, the Bran disappearing, and being found elsewhere
    36. The Domino-Box (sometimes called the Glove-Box)
    37. The Coffee Trick
    38. The Inexhaustible Box
    39. The Japanese Inexhaustible Boxes
    40. The Feast of Lanterns
    41. The Butterfly Trick
    42. The Wizard's Omelet
    43. The Rose in the Glass Vase
    44. The Chinese Rings
    45. The Charmed Bullet
    46. The Birth of Flowers
    47. The Mysterious Salver
    48. The Vanishing Die
    49. The Die Dissolving in a Pocket Handkerchief
    50. The Die and Orange
    51. The Vanishing Canary Bird and Cage
    52. The Crystal Balls
    53. The Flags of all Nations
    54. The Umbrella Trick
    55. The "Passe-Passe" Trick
  • CHAPTER XVII. STAGE TRICKS.
    1. The Tables in use in Stage Tricks
    2. The "Plain" Trap
    3. The "Wrist" or "Pressure" Trap
    4. The "Rabbit" or "Dove" Trap
    5. "Changing" Traps
    6. The "Money" Trap
    7. "Pistons" (for working mechanical apparatus)
    8. "Bellows" Tables
    9. The Rabbit Trick
    10. The Fairy Star
    11. The Card Bouquet
    12. The Demon's Head
    13. The Magic Picture Frame
    14. The Flying Watches and the Broken Plate
    15. The Magic Picture and the Chosen Cards
    16. The Magic Portfolio
    17. The Glove Column
    18. The Vanishing Pocket-handkerchief, found in a Candle
    19. The Sphinx
    20. The Cabinet of Proteus
    21. The Indian Basket Trick
    22. Electrical Tricks
    23. The Light and Heavy Chest
    24. Spirit-Rapping
    25. The Magic Bell
    26. The Crystal Cash Box
    27. The Magic Drum
    28. The Aerial Suspension
  • CHAPTER XVIII. CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS.
    1. Hints as to Working up Tricks
    2. Arrangement of Programme
    3. Stage Arrangements
    4. Parting Counsels
  • APPENDIX
    • CHAPTER I.
      1. Introductory
    • CHAPTER II. KEMPELEN.
      1. Kempelen's Speaking Figure
      2. Its Construction
      3. Houdin
      4. His Talking Figure
      5. The Magic Harlequin and its Construction
      6. The Magic Clock
      7. The Performing Clown
      8. The Cook of the Palais Royal
      9. The Orange and Rose Trees
      10. Electric Bell and Drum
      11. Suspension in the Air
    • CHAPTER III. THEODIN.
      1. Theodin
      2. Robin and Anderson
      3. The Magic Windmill
      4. Anderson's Old Man
      5. Col. Stodare's Living Head
      6. Pepper and Tobin
      7. Proteus; or, We're Here and Not Here
      8. Fatima
    • CHAPTER IV. AUTOMATA: PSYCHO
      1. Automaton of Messrs. Maskelyne and Cooke
      2. Psycho and its Imitators
      3. Zoe
      4. Fanfare
    • CHAPTER V. MARIONETTES.
      1. Taking a Man to Pieces
      2. The Living Marionettes
    • CHAPTER VI. CLAIRVOYANCE.
      1. Clairvoyance, or Second Sight
      2. The Clairvoyance of the Superstitious Ages and the Clairvoyance of the Day
      3. Questions and Answers
      4. The Reading of Concealed Writing
      5. The Addition of Unseen Figures
    • CHAPTER VII. SPIRITUALISM.
      1. Spiritualism
      2. Mediums and their Pretences
      3. Their Tests
      4. Various Tying Tests
      5. The Sealed Accordion
      6. Floating in the Air
      7. Floating Tambourines, Guitars, etc.
      8. The Spiritual Musical Box
      9. Writing on the Ceiling
      10. Invisible Writing
      11. The Floating Table, etc.
    • CHAPTER VIII. PARLOR MAGIC.
      1. Parlor Magic
      2. A Surprise
      3. Indian Sand Trick
      4. The "Q" Trick
      5. The Bleeding Thumb
      6. The Marked Florin in Oranges
      7. The Chinese Pictures
      8. Bautier's Great Ink-and-Water Trick
      9. Carrying Fire in the Hands

word count: 210249 which is equivalent to 840 standard pages of text

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Magic

Magic / [1800-1899]